Education is a priority for a country’s political, economic, social and cultural development. Every country has an obligation to provide access to education for everyone. As for Georgia, a developing country, it follows current modern changes in every realm with education at the forefront. 2005 was the turning point in the education system of Georgia, when Georgia joined the Bologna process at Bergen summit. A lot of reforms have been started, which were the cause of fundamental changes of educational system. In 2005, national exams were started and the funding of the educational sphere has risen significantly. The reforms introduced the three stages of the education system (Bachelor’s. master’s and PHD), student loans and grants. Education and research have been integrated in the higher education system.
The result is that every adolescent has the possibility to continue studying in University. A couple of years ago it was not possible, as it was being carried out through bribery and arrangements. According to Georgian constitution, both higher and basic education should be available to all. Gradually, in this direction, schools will be equipped with high- tech laboratories and sports halls. The environmental factor has a great influence on the adolescent. Currently there are 60 Universities and 15 Vocational colleges in Georgia. Most of them are focused on educational reforms, such as helping students to raise their competitiveness in the international market. The steps taken in recent years increases the development of an educated generation.
The Erasmus Program is also important for Georgia’s educational sphere; every University has information about this program. Through this, Georgian students take part in different exchange programs and receive European education in European universities, which is very important for every Georgian student. For the purpose of seeing the Georgian people’s attitude towards learning and education in Georgia, we offer a comment on this topic of three generations:
Anastasia Kharazi ( 16 years old, school-student)
I think that we do not have an alarming situation, but it is necessary to have more effort from both pupils and teachers. I want to say about my school example that my school teachers work really hard to help us develop skills, which will be the prerequisite of our successful future. I also want to highlight the role of NGOs which provide informal education, run summer and winter camps, conferences, etc. It encourages every adolescent to work harder. This makes me really happy
Tornike kacharava (20 years old student)
I have been a student for two years already. I have been interested in Economic process since my childhood and now I study in the Economics faculty. To tell the truth, I had great expectations that were partly fulfilled. All my lecturers are very educated and qualified, but the most important problem is the old learning infrastructure and the literature. You also agreed that economic events are changing daily, and the corresponding guidelines also require permanent renewal. I am Georgian and I study my profession in Georgian language, it is very difficult to edit books everyday, so I try to develop my English language to get operational and useful information every day. Today we live in the information age, don’t we?!
Maka Jinjolia ( English Teacher, Deputy Director)
I’m sure education is a priority for all countries, only opportunities are different. But nowadays Georgian students have more possibilities to get high quality education. I, personally as a child of war, had less opportunities as a student at school and at University. I always knew the value of education, and my parents as teachers had a great influence on me. There was time when my brother and I gathered under one candle light and did our homework or studied lessons. But it didn’t kill the wish to study and have better life. Anyway, if I had opportunities similar to today’s adolescents, I would plan my future even better. Nowadays our country’s ministry of Education provides opportunities for students to get good education through different programs.
It also helps students to study abroad. One thing that concerns me is that majority of students have difficulties choosing a profession.
I mean most of them don’t know why they study at Business administration faculty, law or journalism, after some time they realize that they will never become an economist, lawyer or a journalist. They realize that they made a wrong decision and, in most cases, they remain unemployed. By all means we have a lack of valuing a short vocational schooling, which helps students gain marketable skills and technical abilities that employers need instead of just theory. Finally, I think that getting education doesn’t have an age limit, I personally never miss any opportunity to pursue my non-stop professional development
by Zura Gorgodze